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Fun stories about tattoos, [part one].

Several years ago I met in the Crimea with a peasant from Murmansk.

By profession, the uncle is a master of tattoos and himself all decorated with tattoos.

He told me how hard it is to work, because the youngster constantly bothers him with a request to fill in some hieroglyphics.

he asked them : “What are your hieroglyphics?”

and they answer : “Yes, anyway.”

So he adapted: he found a jar of Chinese stew and draws out all sorts of beautiful Chinese scribbles.

And for several years, girls and boys with inscriptions on the body have been walking around Murmansk: “fatness”, “fit before 2003”, etc.

 

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Japanese tattoo

japanesse tattoo, fish and red person ...

Prohibitions on tattooing.

The Japanese government led a conscious struggle against tattooing. Several laws were issued to eradicate the tattoo as an art form. In 1789, on a wave of large-scale reforms, attempts were made to outlaw the tattoo from the moral and ethical considerations of the time. However, by the year 1801, with the advent of the new government, these reforms had become irrelevant, and the popularity of the tattoo had again begun to increase rapidly. In 1811, the tattoo again falls under the ban due to its popularity and accessibility. This time, the measures taken by the government were more stringent. Tattooing was outlawed, and the police began raiding tattoo studios. Sketches of tattoos and tattoo tools were seized and destroyed.

japanesse tattoo, fish and red person ...
japanesse tattoo, fish and red person …

Also, both the client and the tattoo artist became accomplices in the crime: “The tattoo wearer and tattoo artist violate the law and are responsible for this.” However, this prohibition did not last long, but despite this, the culture of the tattoo was irreparably damaged. In 1840, a softer version of the 1811 ban was adopted, which lasted 5 years. In such a situation of constant persecution and pressure, the tattoo masters and their clients were forced to go underground, and the process of tattooing became especially dangerous for them.

The tattoo world was relieved to see the easing of persecution by the government in the period from 1845 to 1872, but already in 1872 under the government of Meiji the tattoo again became a punishable offense. These measures were introduced in the framework of the next reforms aimed at creating the image of Japan, close and understandable to the Western world. However, to the great disappointment of the government, those foreigners from the West, on whom the reforms were aimed, were greatly impressed by the work of Japanese tattooists. Japanese tattoos, exported from the country in the hands of sailors, have already won fame and glory around the world. After all, at the insistence of some members of European governments, Japanese tattoo artists were allowed to tattoo foreigners. In 1891, Tsar Nicholas II made a tattoo in the form of a dragon during his visit to Nagasaki. Heir to the throne of Greece, Georgios also had a Japanese tattoo. However – and it’s not surprising – tattoos for the Japanese themselves were outlawed, and although the rigidity of the sentence varied from government to government, this art had to break the law for many years.

But with his intrinsic insistence, the tattoo world not only survived, but also flourished in the oppressive atmosphere created by the authorities. The intense relationship of the tattoo master and his client only strengthened in the atmosphere of illegality surrounding art. The persistence and determination of tattoo artists was at that time a difficult test, but in the same conditions was their client. They literally became accomplices to the crime, who could easily be arrested. Such close interrelations continue to the present day, having survived the era of strict laws. The ban on tattoos was lifted only in 1948, and the world of tattooing was freed from government oversight.

About Yakuza.

Although the ban on tattooing was officially lifted, the police continued harassment at an informal level. In the early 1980s, in an attempt to resist the ubiquitous presence of the yakuza, the Japanese mafia, the demonstration of the tattoo in public entailed biased interrogations in the police or even persecution. Tattoos, especially those that cover the entire body in the form of a suit (bodysuit), were common among the yakuza and even became part of the rite of initiation into this world. In the eyes of society, the tattoo became firmly associated with the yakuza and fear of them. David E. Kaplan and Andrew Marshall in the book “The Cult at the End of the World” write: “An excellent tattoo covers it from the neck to the shins – this is a sure sign of the yakuza. It was enough just to roll up the sleeve and bare only a part of the tattoo, to get cars to drive, doors to open, and bills to be paid. ”

Police harassment was designed to help the authorities prevent the yakuza from continuing to use intimidation tactics and, in addition, to pave the way for the detention of their members. Thus, the art of tattooing appeared under a crossfire in a big fight. Although some festivals and baths did not fall under the close control of the police, for most public institutions the appearance of a man with a tattoo was unacceptable.

With the advent of fashion in Western fashion tattoos in Western style, on the streets now you can often see people with small images on the skin. However, tattoos in the style of bodysuit still exist as a phenomenon and appear on special festivals and in books. But nevertheless carriers of such tattoos, especially yakuza, prefer not to attract attention. Therefore, the Japanese tattoo remains a purely personal matter, eluding the curious views of the public.

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Tattoos from People of Siberia, of the Eskimos and representatives of other peoples of the north

People of Siberia Tattoos and their images

The Eskimos are one of the few small nations that could preserve the ancient custom of tattooing to our time. This was due to the fact that among the primary motives for tattooing was medical and medical. Undoubtedly, this appointment was known to many peoples in their long historical way of creating cultural values-orientations (representatives of the Pazyryk culture knew the ability of point dashes-nakolok to reduce pain in the spine).

About the peculiarities of the tattoos of the Eskimos of the Chukchi Peninsula, we are aware of the research of a specialist in the field of ethnic tattoos of the peoples of the world. Rudenko. “In the summer of 1945,” he wrote, “while studying archaeological research on the Bering Sea coast of the Chukchi Peninsula, I visited all Eskimo villages. Unlike the coastal Chukchi, among the Eskimos I everywhere saw a tattoo both on the faces and on the hands, especially common among women.

In the north, in the vicinity of Cape Dezhnev, it is not complex: usually several vertical intermittent lines cover the chin; sometimes there are circles at the corners of the mouth. In the south, from Cape Chaplin to the village of Sirenik, a tattoo often occurs quite complex, with two lines running from the forehead along the nose, covering often both cheeks, chin, wrists and forearms. ”

Waiting for the ship in Providence Bay SI. Rudenko had the opportunity to make sketches of tattoos in the Eskimo village of Urelik, often visited by the Eskimos of other villages. And he was lucky. In Urelyk he met an Eskimo from all the southern villages and in a short time was able to do a lot of sketching.

Modern Eskimos preserved the custom of tattooing girls with the onset of puberty, before marriage. The applied patterns serve the generally accepted rules – the rite of a given ethnic group and at the same time, in our opinion, are an ornament. They respond to the current fashion and ideas about beauty and attractiveness for the opposite sex.

The technique of the Eskimo tattoo is simple: thread, rubbed with soot, is pulled under the skin. Long since the most difficult tattoo, an experienced woman has been doing for one, rarely – two days. Men rarely tattooed, most often their drawings were circles or semicircles on the cheeks or at the corners of the mouth, as well as short lines on the temples, and only one of the subjects had human figures (yuhak) on the forehead, above the eyebrows.

The tattoo of a woman is much richer and more diverse. Usually on the chin, from the lower lip down, there are three, five, seven double, rarely triple lines, this pattern was observed by Nelson in the Alaskan Eskimos. Two parallel lines, applied on the forehead between the eyebrows, descend downwards on both sides of the nose. Tattoo of cheeks is more difficult. There is no exact repetition of the pattern on both cheeks. As a rule, the right cheek is covered by a tattoo more complex than the left one. Sometimes only one cheek tattooed.

In the cheek tattoo from the temples to the corners of the lower jaw, three discontinuous parallel lines descend from which a more or less complex pattern is drawn to the ear and lower on the cheek. A less complex tattoo pattern on the left cheek is formed by “whale tails”, planted on broken lines, or more complex “whale tails” that turn into “horns”.

Between the cheek tattoo and the corners of the mouth, two-line half-gills (tutak) or mugs with a dot in the center are depicted.

On the hands of women, the tattoo covers the back surface of the palm, wrist and lower part of the forearm. The pattern is often covered both hands, but sometimes – only the right or left. From the wrist to the toes, along the middle of the brush, two lines of the line, slightly divergent towards the front end, are placed on which arches are attached, sometimes with circles and “whale tails”.

Despite seemingly, at first glance, a variety of drawings of hand tattoos, it always consists of a relatively small number of traditional elements inherent in Eskimo cutaneous painting. These are “whale tails”, planted on straight lines, arcs or circles, concentric circles and ellipses, scapulas, tridents, scrapers.

Speaking about the expansion of semantics and the motivation of the Eskimo tattoo, S.I. Rudenko stressed that earlier she undoubtedly had a magical meaning.

One of the most common, in his opinion, symbols of a tattoo was the V-shaped figure, commonly interpreted by the Eskimos as a “whale tail”, which was associated with a special attitude to the whale. This motif occurs in tattoos of the cheeks and hands of women, at the corners of the mouth – in men. The crows’ feet, depicted above the eyebrows, were of magical significance.

Tattoo, preserved to this day, practiced with the Eskimos almost two hundred years ago. Such persistence of the custom, absence of any evolution both in the general composition and in the individual elements of the drawing, despite the significant changes that have occurred during this time in the material culture and social life of the Eskimos, attest to the profound antiquity of this custom.

In pre-literate, mostly pre-state, period of its development, the primitive ethnos created a tattoo for thousands of years of history, which, apparently, will disappear only together with the human race, despite ups and downs in the development process. During the long evolutionary path, the cutaneous painting was defined in the general, ideological and ideological plan and in an applied concrete role assignment, which can be represented in the following directions:
1) as initiation into the circle of the “elect”;
2) as a sign of protection – a guard;
3) as a special, catchy mark for search and identification;
4) as a sign (symbol), possessing a cult-magical, sacral force;
5) as an element of the ritual of initiating (introducing) the deceased into the afterlife;
6) as a family-clan and personal, facsimile stroke (signature) – cliche (seal);
7) medical-therapeutic, preventive and cosmetic means;
8) as a kind of artistic creation.

From the perspective of the methodology of cognition, the tattoo was expressed more often than not by the mythological world outlook of a person, and also was a means of communication, “language.”

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Sports Tattoos

I am glad when modern youth increasingly adhere to a healthy lifestyle, exercise and improve their body with physical exercises. It should be noted that the tattoo is the same decoration for the body, as well as the relief musculature, so increasingly these two phenomena accompany each other.

Sports tattoo, despite its recent appearance, is gaining popularity and decorating the body not only of professional athletes, but also their dedicated fans, and thanks to the Olympic Games in London has gained universal significance.

Sketches and the importance of sports tattoos

The founder of the tradition of drawing sports tattoos rightfully can be considered a famous footballer Vinny Jones, who, in honor of the victory in 1988 in the FA Cup, got himself a tattoo on his feet with the image of the emblem of his team and the cup.

Most carriers of sports tattoos invest in them the value of a talisman or amulet, helping to defeat their team and bring good luck. Fans also make tattoos as a sign of love or belonging to a certain sports club, moreover, this drawing helps to find like-minded people “in the crowd”, to identify allies and rivals.

Athlete Tattoos

Of course, people are shocked by my tattoos, because they cover almost half of my body! In any public place, all eyes are directed only on me, but basically I feel pleasant feelings from such attention. My tattoos are my choice, my life, without them I can not even imagine my image! I always do tattoos during the rest period from training, after fights, and when the healing period is over, I again go to the training hall.

Anastasia, Thai boxing champion

Fan Tattoos

Fan sports tattoos do not differ much from the tattoos of professional athletes and carry the value of love for sports in general or a certain kind of it, pride in their favorite team or sportsman, devotion to the fan case. Among the fans, the most common are tattooed emblems of football clubs, sports attributes (balls, washers, sticks, gloves), racing cars, motorcycles and so on. Of course, there are unique drawings and sketches that sports fans put on the body, for example, depict the face of a loved sportsman.

What thinking doctors about it and their advices

Most doctors believe that a well-made tattoo for an athlete does not pose a great danger, but advise to carefully choose a tattoo parlor in which a sports lover or a professional athlete is going to apply a tattoo. The interior must be clean and light, and the master, in addition to having an impressive portfolio, should always work in sterile gloves and clean appliances.

Important! Do not hesitate to ask the master to disinfect the working instruments if there is a doubt about their sterility. On this depends not only the beauty of the tattoo, but also the health of the client. No normal master is insulted by such a request.

Both doctors and masters assure professional athletes that it is necessary not to engage in physical exercises that injure the place of application. Also, do not dramatically grow stout or lose weight, because this can lead to the appearance of stretch marks on the skin, which in itself (though with a tattoo, even without it) does not look aesthetically pleasing.

Feedback:

Doctors never made any comments about tattoos. In addition, I did them during the rest period, and started training only after healing. There have never been any problems with loving tattoos and professional sports. I often have to gain or lose weight, but no tattoo on my body has lost its attractiveness. I sometimes sketched sketches for my tattoos. With the help of tattoos, I bring beauty to this world!

Ilya, the boxer

Tattoo of the Olympic champions

The most popular among athletes who have visited the Olympics is the image of five Olympic rings or cups and medals won as a result of competitions (individual or group).

Tips for caring for a tattoo during the healing period

In order for the tattoo to heal well and retain its beauty and attractiveness for a long time, it is necessary to observe the following rules of tattoo care, which are relevant both for simple tattoo lovers and for athletes:

  • Do not remove the protective bandage from the tattoo for 5 hours.
  • To wash a new tattoo is better not to use washcloths, and just rinse with antibacterial soap, in order to avoid infection, pre-tuning the optimal water temperature.
  • For better healing, the master is advised to use a variety of ointments to care for new tattoos.
  • In the process of healing, the tattoo is covered with a dry crust, which can not be torn off for anything!
  • This can leave a tattoo on the place is not a beautiful drawing, but scary scars.
  • You should choose clothes that prevent sweating of the clogged body, but do not forget that excessive exposure to sunlight will not have a beneficial effect on your fresh tattoos.

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Tattoo of prostitutes

In Soviet times, the body of every prostitute was necessarily tattooed, denoting her status in the world of crime and protecting from scumbags

The meaning of the location of the tattoo on the body of a prostitute:

  • Loin – her owner is very fond of sex.
  • Chest – a challenge to others, a desire to live by their own rules.
  • Belly – is freedom in personal relationships.
  • Back – the desire to dominate all the time.
  • Buttocks – ignorance of their place in life.
  • Sexual organs – are a desire to have sexual harmony.
  • Legs – lack of support from relatives and friends.
  • Feet – selfishness, the desire to fulfill their whims.

Popular tattoos of prostitutes:

Nude woman in full growth – explains the position of a prostitute in the criminal world, pierced on the stomach.

The head of a woman in the crown, surrounded by roses, hearts, butterflies – no one in the criminal world can force her to carry out an “unprofessional” job, pierce on any part of the body.

A naked woman with legs wide apart – on any part of the body, the steepness of the character of her possessor and complete freedom in sex.

A woman making * Inet – this symbol of prostitution was common among prostitutes in the 60s and 70s, pinched on the pubic.

Lily – this symbol of purity and integrity in France branded prostitutes, most often on the shoulder.

Rose – the body part can be any, most importantly, the color of the tattoo: red – love, attraction, blue – the desire for the unattainable, black – sadness, sorrow, anarchy, rose with spines – her owner had unhappy love.

Butterfly – the most common tattoo in prostitutes, a symbol of coquetry and femininity, it is stained on the genitals or in the visible parts of the body, depending on the design of the picture.

Mole – freedom, impermanence, the difficulty of the life of its possessor, can be applied to any part of the body.

Moth – its owner is famous for illegible ties with men, enjoys freedom and lives for fun.

Dragonfly – prostitutes who have visited the women’s colony, pierce this tattoo on the sacrum.

Sakura – her possessor is liberated in sex.

Seagull – means that its owner is windy, inconstant in actions and relationships.

Flame on the genitals – loves passionate sex.

A cat – in the nature of the owner tenderness and love are combined with deception and cunning.

“ЯХТ” – next to the image of a woman mean “I want you”.

For prostitutes, the body is the product that they put up for sale. Therefore, they are trying to decorate this product, make it sexier, more attractive to the client. In most cases, the tattoo of a prostitute is stuffed on the chest, hips, genitals and lower back. It is noticed that tattooed women are perceived by men as more accessible, sexual and attractive.

Now, with the increase in the number of prostitutes and the popularity of tattoos among ordinary women, these above-mentioned rules are not respected, but a professional tattoo artist will warn the client of a tattoo of criminal significance.

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Tattoo banks: experience of the usa, germany and other countries

The tattoo has always been balancing on the brink of ban and most of its history has been the lot of people who were outlawed. In this article, we will not talk about boring and understandable restrictions like age and medical requirements. Here we will consider the prohibitions in five different countries that somehow influenced the very essence and culture of the tattoo and regulated it.

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New York.
Tattoo was prohibited from 1961 to 1996.
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The most famous story about the prohibition of tattoos is connected with New York. The story is absurd at the same time – in one of the main centers of development of tattooing, where the drawings on the skin have already filled a good hundred years, tattoos have been banned by the Ministry of Health. The ministers decided that the tattoo artists were guilty of spreading the hepatitis among the population and forbade them to fill pictures on the skin.

The history of the tattoo, of course, did not end there, but only went underground. Rock’n’Roll, and then MTV, in every possible way, propagandized forbidden art. The cars buzzed in secret cellars, although the main activists were arrested, for example, Spider Webb, who pointedly tattooed pornstar Annie Sprinkle on the steps of MoMA. Despite all prohibitions, in 1985 the street convention of tattooists took place, among which there were 50 masters with a densely painted schedule by that year, and by the beginning of the nineties there were even more of them. In the 90’s, the tattoo culture in the US was about the same as what we have today – it has become a mainstream. It was simply impossible to forbid this further and the law was abolished in 1996.

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Japan.
Tattooing was prohibited from 1936 to 1950.
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The Japanese history of tattoos dates back thousands of years, but in the form in which it is familiar to us – complex and large-scale color images – it was formed by the 18th century. At the same time the tattoo was outlawed for a long time and almost every hundred years a new bill on this topic was published. Up to the 16th century, tattoos were forcibly labeled by criminals, and they already clamped these labels in clandestine drawings. Paradoxically, the flowering of illegal art was influenced by another veto – the ban of the XVII century on richly decorated clothes for uncrowned individuals, which resulted in the middle class having to decorate their body instead of clothes.

By the end of the XIX century, the ban on tattooing became tougher – and not only in connection with criminals. Japan began to visit many Europeans, and the emperor was afraid that tattooed people in their eyes would look wild. At the same time, some tattoo parlors continued to work officially, but they could only accept foreigners. In 1936, tattoos were banned once again – they did not want to take criminals into the army, and people with tattoos because of this – too, so to avoid wasting time and not figuring out who the yakuza was, and who was a decent person, they were forbidden to stuff tattoos. From that moment the tattoo artists went underground. Despite the abolition of the ban in the 50’s, today the masters continue to work semi-secretly. Official laws prohibiting their activities seem to be not, but this activity is not approved, and especially its result. People with tattoos are often not allowed into gyms and swimming pools, and some organizations may even deprive a person of work.

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Denmark.
it was forbidden since 1996.
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Denmark for many years remained one of the main centers of tattooing – there they did it already at least from the 1890s, and for at least a hundred years it was in this issue the main Scandinavian country. Among other things, Denmark is the place where Tatu Ole, one of the oldest tattoo studios in the world, works. The studio is owned by the famous tattoo artist, who filled the drawing with King Frederick IX of the country. After in 1951, the king was photographed with a tattoo on his chest, the art received an unofficial legality, but the official law permitting drawing on the body was never adopted.

Since 1996, it is forbidden in Denmark to do tattoos on visible parts of the body: face and head, neck, wrists and hands. Solve these problems tattooers in different ways: someone pays fines of 1000 kronor (131 dollars), someone like the famous Colin Dale, skates to neighboring Sweden or Finland, so as not to violate the law. Another law came out relatively recently – in 2010 – and is associated with a ban on former prisoners making biker tattoos or tattoos with the symbols of immigrant gangs in visible places – this time including arms and shoulders.

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Germany.
Symbols of the Third Reich are forbidden for tattoing.
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The prohibition of tattoos in Germany is connected with the most painful issue for the history of the country – the Third Reich. The taboo symbols include swastika, SS runes, Celtic cross, skulls, eagle – and in a known modification. Swastikas in religious variations of Hinduism, Buddhism and other religions are allowed, since religious symbols can not be tabooed in Germany.

There are a lot of stories on this subject – a young man on the beach between Berlin and Hanover undressed and received for his swastika a year of conditional term. In court, the guy claimed that he was sticking his tattoo with a band-aid, but the band-aid was not very strong – to which the court representative objected to him that the one who has such a tattoo has no right to go naked. In this statement, by the way, the whole essence of the ban on tattoos with this symbolism: no one forbids to stuff or put on such images, but such tattoos are forbidden to show. Another no less famous story is with a doctor who during the operation saw a forbidden symbol on the patient and left the operating room. His work was continued by another surgeon.

The third story, which illustrates all the nuances of this regulation – about the Russian opera singer Eugene Nikitin, who had to give up his speech, because in his youth he had a tattoo with a swastika. The nuance is that the swastika has long been interrupted by another drawing, and it actually does not exist anymore. With all due respect and sympathy for the tragedy of the nation, this attitude is somewhat reminiscent of mass hysteria and individual tattooists are trying to fight it. Noteworthy in this respect is Mark Little Swastika – not only did he put himself that word, which can not be called, in the name of the studio, so he tries to weave this symbol into each of his tattoos, trying to clear it of negative connotations.

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India.
Tattoo forbidden since 2011 for military servicemen.
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India until recently illustrated the other extreme – there has never been, and to date, there are no laws that regulate the work of a tattoo artist. Terrible stories about masters who have worked all their lives with a single needle can be heard as an example in defense of legal restrictions. In fact, where even in 2013 you can meet doctors talking about the fact that tattooists infect the population with hepatitis (recall, in the US doctors were concerned about this fact 50 years ago). With all this, the context of tattooing in India is very interesting: if around the world this is a bit yes marginal art, then here is the absolute mainstream.

On the one hand, there are god-forgotten villages where ancient tattooing traditions continue to thrive to this day – including tattooing of minors; on the other hand, all Bollywood is covered with tattoos – Indian actor Sanjay Dutt, for example, has them already 16 pieces, and what’s most interesting, most of them made after 40 years. Tattoos are often perceived as attributes of the luxurious life of movie stars and therefore are not cheap. In official institutions, a tattoo can cost up to 2,000 lakhs (about 2,500 dollars), while in illegal institutions it will cost a hundred times cheaper – $ 25 dollars. Well, probably, it is not necessary to explain that it is in the latter that the needles change rarely. The first reaction of the authorities to the situation was the law adopted in August 2011 that individuals with tattoos on the body can not enter the military service – which again is associated with a massive concern about hepatitis and similar diseases that the soldier may show after long years of service.

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Some of the best tattoo artists.

Every second teenager at least once in his life seriously thought about what would make a tattoo. Someone has found the strength and money in him to realize his dream, someone does not. The biggest problem for those who have already stuffed something and those who want is to find a good master.

Being a tattoo artist is a very creative profession, no, not so – it’s a talent! Like musicians, many masters see themselves as a very talented person, but only the client can give a correct assessment of the artist’s work. And now, when the tattoo has already lost its meaning to some extent and has become fashionable. In the end, it often serves as a simple decoration, and today, almost at every corner, you can find a tattoo parlor with masters of various profiles.

we could not but pay attention to the best (in the opinion of the people) tattoo artists from all over the world. This topic is rich not only by the masters themselves, but also by examples of their works.

1. AMANDA VACHOB. BRUCKLIN, NEW YORK
Amanda Wachob does the impossible with ink on the body – the look of the pieces of the tattoo is so flawless that tattoos turn out to be very hyperrealistic. Especially look carefully “smears” of paint on the body.

2. HAIM MAHLEV. BERLIN, GERMANY
Famous public tattoos like “Dots and Lines”, the master Chaim Makhlev creates absolute black tattoos, without any other color. Black geometric tattoos that are both confusing and creative, and if you have recently made yourself a tattoo, we can suggest great tips on how to take care of a tattoo.

3. KARIER ALICE. PORTLAND, OREGON.
If you want to depict something on the subject of nature, you are ideally suited tattoo master Alice, whose style looks like drawings from old school textbooks, examples of which you can see above.

4. JEN LEVIN. KIEV, UKRAINE
Ian works exclusively in black ink. His extremely intricate tattoo style has something eerie, at the same time mystical and psychedelic. Associations in the viewer are compared with chiromancy, psychedelic (as in Pink Floyd) and others.

5. DAVID HALE. ATHENS, GEORGIA.
Decorative work of art by David, painted in the spirit of folk art – unusual and decorative patterns of the tattoo master’s school are caused by associations associated with the culture of the indigenous people living on these lands long before the arrival of the English. Do you know what are the most popular tattoos in the world and what is their significance?

6. KENJI ALAKI. HOCKEYDO, JAPAN
Kenji is known for dotting technique, called “styping”. His tattoos use geometric and tribal motifs and need evaluation from a close distance.
He is also a traveling tattoo artist, so if you want to make your original tattoo design from Kenji, then you need to follow his Facebook page to see where he is traveling in.

7. MARCHIN ALEXANDER SUROVITS. WARSAW POLAND
Marcin uses incredibly bright ink to make surrealism in his works. In general, to create a tattoo, you can not use ink, but the rays of the sun.

8. MADAM CHEN. BERLIN, GERMANY
Madam Cheng does several different styles, but my favorites are dreamy, fantastic.

9. MARIUSH TRUBISIS. Wroclaw, POLAND
Mariusz has a talent for shading and creating incredibly bright and hyperrealistic drawings that are like neon.

10.ONDRASH. CZECH REPUBLIC
Ondrasch is known to many in the Czech Republic. The tattoo of the master is known for his bright watercolor style of his works, on which he specializes.

11. SASHA, UNISEX. SAINT-PETERSBURG, RUSSIA
Sasha’s tattoos consist of bright prisms with unexpected colors. The lack of schemes and brilliant shading effects gives her works a rich softness.

12. PITER ORISH. BERLIN, GERMANY
Peter is incredibly skilled in creating many styles of fine art, whether it’s watercolor, cubism or precisely shaded pencil sketches.

13. Xoïl. PARIS, FRANCE
The French tattooist Loic Laven, also known as the nickname Xoïl, has a very unusual style. There is a feeling that every tattoo passes through Photoshop.

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Tattoo punishments

Tattoo punishments were used as a payment for a committed crime. Currently they are not used. Tattoos of this kind were applied to the face or hands and served as a warning for law-abiding citizens. Punishment of a tattoo was considered very difficult, since it led a person out of the circle of a normal, not criminal society. In each country, drawing and meaning were different, but everywhere their goal was to brand the person.

So, for example, in France in the time of Louis IV, signs on the body were branded by fallen women, priestesses of mercenary love, criminals. The most famous sign was the lily on the left shoulder. However, not always the flower was tattooed, often it was applied with a hot iron.

In ancient Rome, China and Greece, tattooed slaves and captives. This greatly simplified the search for those who managed to escape.

Tattoo punishments were widely spread in Japan. There is evidence that already in the VIII century in the country of the rising sun this type of tattoo was used. One of the conspirators who decided to overthrow the existing authorities, tattooed right near the eyes, so that everyone knew what a terrible crime he had planned. Four centuries later, the separation of criminals from the law-abiding population through the use of tattoos became widespread. And in different princedoms and provinces stigmatized in the form of punishment in different ways. In the place of Chukuzen, who had been guilty of the first crime, they applied a horizontal line to the forehead, the second line was arcuate, for the third one – another line. These 3 features were the hieroglyph “inu”, which means “dog” (in the poor dictionary of Japanese curses this word is one of the most terrible). Also, the criminals were tagged around on the left shoulder, and with a double line around the biceps of the left hand (each new crime added along the line), and the hieroglyph “auk”, which means “villain” in the translation.

Tattoos have also been used to brand deserters. This practice existed in Britain during the First World War. Those who escaped from the battlefield were put on the body of the letter D.

Despite the variety of tattoo punishments, they were all used to brand a person and warn law-abiding citizens about who they are dealing with.

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History of tattoo

It is difficult to say when a person first applied a pattern to his skin. But for certain it is known that the history of tattooing is at least 60,000 years old. The most ancient tattoos were found during excavations of the Egyptian pyramids. Mummies are about four thousand years old, but the drawings on dried skin are clearly discernible.

However, the tattoo appeared much earlier – with the primitive communal system. It served not only as an ornament, but also as a sign of a tribe, clan, totem, indicated the social belonging of its possessor, and moreover, was given a certain magical power.

The reasons for the appearance of custom tattoos are also not entirely clear. According to one theory – this is the logical progress from natural skin lesions, accidentally received by people of the Stone Age. Wounds and bruises merged into bizarre scars that distinguished their carrier from fellow tribesmen in an advantageous way, like a brave warrior and a lucky hunter. Over time, primitive families expanded, merged into small organized communities and the skin was already specially marked, having a specific meaning within a certain social group. It happened at the end of the Ice Age …

Deep historical roots, tattoo-geography is no less impressive. Different kinds of tattoos were practiced by the fair-skinned peoples of the whole world, and in the blacks they were replaced by scarring. Everyone was tattooed – different tribes of Europe and Asia, Indians of North and South America and, of course, inhabitants of Oceania.

It is the Indian tribes of Indonesia and Polynesia, where the practice of tattooing is continuously transmitted from generation to generation, serve as the best anthropological evidence of the social significance of tattoos. Almost all aspects of the life of these people are associated with tattoos – from birth to death – and, of course, there is no such part of the body over which the local artist would not bother.

The face is always in sight. Therefore, it is the face that is adorned first. The Majori tribes from New Zealand wear masked tattoos – Moko. These amazing intricacies of patterns serve as a constant combat coloring, and an indicator of the prowess and social status of their owners. According to local customs, if the deceased soldier had Moko’s mask on his face, he was awarded the highest honor – his head was cut off and stored as a relic of the tribe. And the corpses of unadorned warriors were left to be torn to pieces by wild animals. The Moko samples are so individual that they were often used as personal signatures or fingerprints. At the beginning of the last century, selling their lands to English missionaries, Maiori, signing the “deed”, carefully depicted an exact copy of his mask Moko.

Tattoo is associated with the so-called “transitional” rituals, whether it is dedicating a young man to a mature man or moving from this life to the next world. For example, the tribes Diak from the island of Borneo believed that in the local paradise – Apo-Kezio – everything acquires new qualities, the opposite of the earth: light becomes dark, sweet – bitter, etc. Therefore, ingenious and prudent diacs tattooed in the darkest shades. Modified after death, the tattoos became bright and shining, and this light was enough to safely guide their owner through the dark abyss between the land and Apo-Kezio.

In addition, different peoples tattoos were endowed with a wide variety of magical properties: children were protected from parental anger, adults were protected in battle and hunting, old people were kept from illnesses. However, the magic of the tattoo was used not only by “savages”. In the 18th and 19th centuries, British sailors depicted huge crucifixes on their backs in the hope that this would protect them from corporal punishment, which was widely practiced in the English fleet. The Arabs considered the most reliable protective talisman a tattoo with quotations from the Koran. In all the examples given, the tattoo, one way or another, increased the social status of its owner. But in some cases it served as punishment.

In the Japanese province of Chukuzen of the Edo period (1603-1867), as a punishment for the first crime, brigands were placed a horizontal line through the forehead, for the second – arc-shaped, and for the third – another. As a result, the composition that made up the hieroglyph of INU – the “dog” was obtained. In ancient China, one of the Five Classical Punishments also had a tattoo on his face. Slaves and prisoners of war were also tagged, making it difficult for them to escape and facilitating their identification. Both the Greeks and Romans used tattoos for similar purposes, and the Spanish conquistadors continued this practice in Mexico and Nicaragua. Already in our century, during the First World War, in Britain, deserters were tagged with a “D” tattoo, in Germany – they beat numbers to the victims of concentration camps, and what to hide, in our Union in the regime camps, the same thing was practiced …

But in ancient Europe tattoos were in general use among Greeks and Gauls, Britons and Thracians, Germans and Slavs.

The priests, our ancestors, used clay stamps or pintaders for tattooing. These unique presses with elements of ornament allowed to cover the whole body with a continuous rhombo-meander carpet pattern, which is extremely necessary in the magical rituals of the ancient cult of fertility. Unfortunately, with the spread of Christianity, the custom of tattooing began to be ruthlessly eradicated, as an integral part of pagan rituals, and was practically extinguished. Moreover, in the Old Testament it is clearly stated: “For the sake of the dead, do not cut your body and do not incriminate yourself with writing.”

The ban was so severe that the tattoo was not practiced among Europeans until the 18th century. But, ironically, when Christian missionaries were sent to distant lands to turn into their faith “savage” tribes, sailors from their ships acquired there elegant tattoos in memory of travel. The infamous captain James Cook has made the most significant contribution to the recovery of tattoos in Europe. Returning from the voyage in 1769, he brought from Tahiti not only the word “tattoo”, but also “Great Omai”, a completely tasted Polynesian, who became a sensation – the first living tattoo – a gallery. And soon no self-respecting idea, fair or traveling circus could be dispensed with without the participation of the “noble savage”.

By the end of the XIX century, the fashion for the Aborigines slept, instead of them at fairs began to act themselves, Americans and Europeans. For example, a certain lady Viola sported portraits of six American presidents, Charlie Chaplin and many other celebrities, causing the enthusiasm of the crowds of our century … But, though the people loved to gawk at the decorated circus artists, they themselves were not in the least rushing to tattoo. It was the privilege of sailors, miners, foundry workers and other such “trade unions” who used the tattoo as a symbol of brotherhood, solidarity, fidelity to traditions. The modern popularity of tattoos in the West owes much to them. At the same time, they are responsible for the creative stagnation in the western tattoo of the XIX-early XX century. The meager imagination and dubious artistic taste of the main customers led to the restriction of the tattoo “repertoire” of marine themes, vulgar sentimentalism and banal aphorisms.

Sadly, the fact remains that civilization has reduced ancient art to the level of cheap consumer goods. The lack of demand for decent products discouraged tattooists, deprived the incentive to creativity and new stylistic developments.

And it was then, in 1891, that the American O’Reilly invented an electric tattoo machine that replaced all sorts of homemade tools and devices, but even technical progress did not move the matter from a dead center.All the first half of the 20th century, Europe and America went with a standard set of uncomplicated popular prints.

And only thanks to a powerful splash in the youth culture of the 1950s and 1960s did a new generation of tattooists appear, whose creative ambitions and courageous experiments once again raised the tattoo to the rank of art. They widely borrowed the traditional images of other cultures – the Far East, Polynesia, American Indians – creating exciting hybrids, new styles, schools and directions. Thus began a new, modern stage of a thousand-year tattoo – a story that undoubtedly deserves a separate detailed story.

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Biker Tattoos

Biker Tattoos

Bikers

Unusual people who are known for their wayward character, an obsession with freedom and an irresistible thirst for life on their metal horse. Their clothes, shoes, hairdress symbolize their essence. In one form, telling everyone: “We are not like everyone else.”

One of their main attributes

Tattoo bikers who are able to express all of their nature and life position. Varieties of tattoos bikers are very different, but mostly they are made in one style. Often, the main tattoo is a symbol of the biker club, then we can see different types of skulls, skeletons, angels, wings, flames and, of course, inscriptions.

The meaning of biker tattoos and their meaning sometimes lies on the surface, for example, the date when it was made, or the memory of some particular event.